Git - 使用问题

当 git pull 失败时


λ git pull
remote: Enumerating objects: 3, done.
remote: Counting objects: 100% (3/3), done.
remote: Compressing objects: 100% (3/3), done.
error: RPC failed; curl 18 transfer closed with outstanding read data remaining
fatal: the remote end hung up unexpectedly
fatal: early EOF
fatal: index-pack failed



repo URL: 'master' must be absolute or begin with ./|../

这一错误出现在 我添加子模块 时,以后再复现,解决



E:\>git push origin master
error: src refspec master does not match any
error: failed to push some refs to ''

在该例子中,我的本地分支实际上是 gh-pages,所以正确的命令为:git push origin gh-pages

当 https 连接被误以为 ssh 连接时


git push
fatal: HttpRequestException encountered
输入 GitHub 用户名
输入 GitHub 密码

fatal: refusing to merge unrelated histories

The “fatal: refusing to merge unrelated histories” Git error occurs when two unrelated projects are merged (i.e., projects that are not aware of each other’s existence and have mismatching commit histories).

Consider the following two cases that throw this error:

  • You have cloned a project and, somehow, the .git directory got deleted or corrupted. This leads Git to be unaware of your local history and will, therefore, cause it to throw this error when you try to push to or pull from the remote repository.
  • You have created a new repository, added a few commits to it, and now you are trying to pull from a remote repository that already has some commits of its own. Git will also throw the error in this case, since it has no idea how the two projects are related.


The error is resolved by toggling the allow-unrelated-histories switch. After a git pull or git merge command, add the following tag:

git pull origin master --allow-unrelated-histories

More information can be found here, on Git’s official documentation.

git push origin master 后出现:

$ git push origin master
kex_exchange_identification: read: Connection reset by peer
Connection reset by port 22
fatal: Could not read from remote repository.